Rosacea is a red facial rash that mostly affects those aged 30 to 60, especially those with fair skin and blue eyes (Skin Types I and II). It may be transient, recurrent or persistent.
Characteristics of rosacea include:
- Red papules and sometimes pustules on the nose, forehead, cheeks and chin. Rarely it involves the trunk and upper limbs.
- Frequent blushing or flushing.
- A red face due to persistent redness and/or prominent blood vessels
- Dry and flaky facial skin
- Aggravation by sun exposure and hot and spicy food or drink (anything that reddens the face)
- Sensitive skin: burning and stinging, especially with make-up, sunscreens and other facial creams
- Red, sore or gritty eyelid margins including papules and styes
- Enlarged unshapely nose with prominent pores
- Firm swelling of other facial areas including the eyelids
Treatments include antibiotics, topical remedies, and/or change of diet.